Sun Protection

Be sun safe. Tanned skin is damaged skin!


Reduce the risk of sun damage and skin cancer

Skin cancer is highly preventable; protect yourself and your family and reduce the risk of damage from UV radiation and skin cancer.

Take the following important steps:

Limit time in the sun

Even if you are wearing sunscreen it is important to avoid spending a long time in the sun during peak UV periods (11 am to 4 pm, April to September).

Children should not stay in the sun for long periods, even when wearing sunscreen.

Plan your outdoor events early or late in the day to avoid the midday sun.

Be aware of the UV Index

There is considerable change in the UV index from day to day. When the rating goes above moderate, it is often included in forecasts. The UV index can be found on the radio, TV, online, or on free phone apps.

UV Index


Description
Sun Protection Actions

0 - 2

Low

Minimal sun protection required. If outside for more than one hour, wear sunglasses and sunscreen. Reflections can nearly double UV strength.

3 - 5 

Moderate

Take precautions. Cover up, wear a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen if outside for 30 minutes or more. Look for shade near midday.

6 - 7

High

Protection required. UV damages skin and can cause sunburn. Reduce time in the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Seek shade, cover up, wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen.

8 - 10

Very High

Extra protection required. Unprotected skin will be damaged and can burn quickly. Avoid the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Seek shade, cover up, wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen.

11+

Extreme

Maximum protection required. Unprotected skin will be damaged and can burn in minutes. Avoid the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Remain in the shade, cover up, wear a hat, sunglasses and sunscreen.

Take precautions

During peak periods and on high UV days take precautions and:

  • Wear wide-brimmed hats
  • Wear protective and loose clothing
  • Wear sunglasses
  • Apply (and re-apply) sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher with both UVA/B protection. Do not put sunscreen on babies under six months old

Find shade

Every time you are outside, look for shade; also keep babies under one year of age out of direct sunlight.

As well, adults are encouraged to serve as role models for children. It is important that sun safety becomes part of the normal daily life.


Sun safety resources

For more information about sun safety, check the following fact sheets and brochure.

Dangers of the UV Radiation - Brochure

Sun Safety - Handout

Sun Safety - Poster

Going South / Thinking of Tanning

Sun Safety Tips for Parents (Health Canada)

Sun Safety (Health Canada)

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